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When the chest pain comes, what you think first, it may be a heart attack. But you should know that the cause of chest pain is not limited to heart disease. Most people suffer from chest pain and are not related to the heart.
The chest pain you feel may be related to lung, throat, muscle, rib, or nerve disorders in the chest. Some of these problems are serious and life-threatening. So if you have sudden chest pain, the only way to find out the cause is by going to the doctor. You can feel pain in any area of the chest, even in the neck, and upper abdomen. To help you understand the cases of chest pain you are suffering, here are some of the most common causes of chest pain that you have.
The cause of chest pain
1. Coronary heart disease
A blockage in the heart’s blood vessels reduces the flow of blood and oxygen to the heart muscle. It can cause pain, known as angina. It is a symptom of heart disease but usually does not cause permanent damage. Even so, this is a sign that you are at risk of having a heart attack in the future. Chest pain may spread to the arms, shoulders, jaw, or back.
2. Heart attack
Decreased blood flow through the heart’s blood vessels causes the death of heart muscle cells. Although chest pain from heart attacks is similar to angina, heart attacks are usually more severe. Chest pain often feels in the middle or left of the chest, and does not subside even if you have rested. Sweating, nausea, shortness of breath, or severe body weakness may accompany the pain.
In addition to chest pain, inflammation of the heart muscle can cause fever, fatigue, rapid heartbeat, and shortness of breath. Although this does not cause any blockage, the symptoms of myocarditis resemble symptoms of heart attack.
It is an infection or inflammation of the sac around the heart. It can cause chest pain that is similar to angina. However, pericarditis often causes sharp, steady chest pain in the upper neck and shoulder muscles. Sometimes the pain gets worse when breathing, swallowing food, or lying down.
It is inflammation or irritation of the lining of the lungs and chest. In this case, the chest pain is sharp when breathing, coughing, or sneezing. Common causes of pleuritis are bacterial or viral infections, pulmonary embolism, and pneumothorax.
2. Pneumonia or lung abscess
This lung infection can cause chest pain to resemble pleurisy pain or other chest pain, such as deep chest pain. Pneumonia often comes suddenly, causing fever, chills, coughing, and coughing up phlegm.
3. Pulmonary embolism
When a blood clot moves through the blood vessels and sticks in the lungs, it can cause sharp chest pain, shortness of breath and rapid heartbeat.
It often happens because of a chest injury; it can also cause worsening pain when you breathe and low blood pressure.
This disease causes difficulty breathing, wheezing, coughing, and sometimes chest pain. It is a disorder of the respiratory tract.
It occurs when the contents of the stomach move back toward the esophagus causing the sour taste in the mouth and the burning sensation in the chest or throat. GERD trigger factors include obesity, smoking, pregnancy, and consumption of spicy or fatty foods. GERD chest pain can resemble heart attack symptoms.
A smoker is often suffering, a person who drank a lot of alcohol, or people who regularly take painkillers.
Muscle, bone, or nerve disorders in the chest
Sometimes the cause of chest pain comes from fatigue or injury to the chest, for example, due to a fall or another accident. The virus can also be the cause of chest pain.
1. Problems in the sternum
The pain from chest fractures can get worse when breathing deeply. It is usually limited to one area, and it hurts if you hit it.
2. Muscle tension
A very violent cough can injure the muscles and tendons between the ribs and cause pain. Such chest pain tends to last long and worsens when on the move.
Other causes of chest pain
Other causes of chest pain are anxiety and panic attacks. Some of the symptoms that also accompany are a headache, feeling shortness of breath, heart palpitations, tingling sensations, and trembling.
When should you go to a doctor?
Do not delay to see a doctor if you do not know the cause of your chest pain, especially if the pain comes suddenly or does not subside even if you have tried various ways. The most critical condition that doctors should immediately deal with is chest pain with the following characteristics:
- Feelings of distress, squeezing, tightness.
- Chest pain radiates to the jaw, left arm, or back.
- Sharp chest pain that arises suddenly and shortness of breath.
- Nausea, dizziness, rapid heartbeat, shortness of breath, confusion, pale skin, or excessive sweating.
- Blood pressure becomes very low, or heart rate is very low.
Watch out for pain with the following symptoms that may come with chest pain: fever, chills, or a cough with phlegm, difficulty swallowing, and severe chest pain that does not subside.
The cause of chest pain not only comes from heart problems. But for many people is quite difficult to distinguish ordinary chest depression with pain due to heart disease. So you do not need to panic when suffering from chest pain because maybe the pain is not harmful at all.