Durian (Durio zibethinus Murr) is one of the most popular fruits in Southeast Asia. This different fruit is The King of fruits found in many tropical regions. Durian plants are found throughout Java and Sumatra. The fruit is also found in Malaysia, Vietnam, and Thailand. Each durian tree can produce 80 to 100 fruits, even up to 200 fruits, especially on old durian trees.
During this time, the durian flesh is the only part that can be eaten. Durian consists of flesh 20-35%, peel 60-75%, and seed (5-15%). Seeds and peel become waste because they cannot be used maximally. Raw durian seeds cannot be consumed because they contain toxic cyclopropene fatty acids. A small number of people consume seeds by burning, steaming or boiling. Processing of durian seeds can be more useful as raw materials of various processed foods which will undoubtedly offer economic value.
Physically, durian seeds are yellowish white and round as eggs. The seed of ripe durian fruit contains 51.1% water, 46.2% carbohydrates, 2.5% protein and 0.2% fat. Carbohydrate levels are much higher than tuber plants. The high content of carbohydrates in durian seeds makes durian seeds can be used as a source of glucose through the hydrolysis process.
Durian seed benefits
After understanding what is contained in the durian seeds, you may be able to understand the benefits that you will get from durian seeds. However, this requires professional processing to become a useful natural ingredient. The following are some benefits of durian seeds:
Because it contains high carbohydrates, durian seeds can be processed into foods high in carbohydrates. You must boil it, roast or burn the durian seed before it is consumed.
Carbohydrate content is high enough to make durian seeds can be processed into starch. This powder can be used to replace wheat flour that can be used at home to make cakes.
Other durian seed benefits are used for chips. High starch content makes durian seeds can be processed into chips. Unusual durian chips you can make a business opportunity that will provide many benefits in the future.
However, there is not much research about durian seeds as a food source, either from a nutritional aspect, toxicity, or quantitative aspects of the economy. From various experimental studies of literature on durian seeds, there are several alternatives to utilize durian seeds by using them as flour directly as wet and dry food ingredients. This powder can be used as primary food ingredients that have a high economic value such as glucose. Syrup-shaped glucose can be used in various industries of medicine, food, and sweeteners.