Turmeric is a traditional medicinal plant. This Asian plant has many health benefits and it is used as a cooking spice. This plant can grow at an altitude of 1300-1600 meters above sea level with high rainfall. Turmeric plant is often grown vegetatively, by cuttings rhizomes. Rhizome seedlings should be quite old and should have good watering system as well. The following are details of the classification and morphology of turmeric:
What is the scientific classification of turmeric?
The scientific name of turmeric is Curcuma longa L or some others call it Curcumadomestica Val.
|SPECIES||Curcuma longa L|
Morphology of turmeric plant
What are the characteristics of turmeric morphology / features of turmeric plants? Turmeric plants are long-term or annual crops with large elliptical leaves. In every turmeric plant there are approximately 5-15 pieces of leaves with length up to 85 cm and width 25 cm. The base and tip of the leaves are tapered to light green to dark green.
Turmeric stem is a pseudo-shaped stem and green, the height of the stem can reach 70-100 cm. The direction of growing stems perpendicular upward, rounded shape, forming rhizomes and composed of a rather soft leaf midrib. The outer skin of the rhizome is orange brown, the flesh is red yellowish.
This plant flower comes from the rhizomes located on the stem. Rough-haired flower stalk. When dry, flowers have a thickness of 2-5 mm, 4-8 cm long. The flower of this plant is a compound plant and the crown is white. Turmeric flower has hair and scales of pseudo stems of 10-15 cm long with a crown that has a size of 3 x 1.5 cm, and yellowish white.
Turmeric root has a distinctive aroma and it feels a bit spicy and rather bitter. If dissolved in water, the turmeric root will give yellow curcuminoid. Turmeric root has long been used as an ingredient of food coloring and cooking spices. In addition, turmeric root also has the property to smooth blood circulation, become anti-bacterial and expend bile expenditure.